A Lightning Protection System (LPS) is a well known system that is designed to protect a structure or building and contents from damage caused by the intensely high voltage currents of a lightning strike((When voltage exceeding a 1,000,000,000 Volt Amps). This system acts like a faraday cage for buildings. A LPS system performs a simple task and provides a specified path on which lightning can travel.
A lightning protection system should include following elements, which work together to stop lightning damage.
- Air Terminals (Lightning Rods)
- Braided Conductor (Cable)
- Bonds to metallic bodies
- Ground Rods or Ground Plates
- Surge Arrestors